Army APFT Standards: Understanding Fitness Requirements for Soldiers

Learn about the Army Physical Fitness Test (APFT) and its components like push-ups, sit-ups, and a two-mile run. Understand the scoring metrics and set yourself up for success in meeting the Army standards.

APFT Overview and Requirements

The Army Physical Fitness Test (APFT) is a measure of your physical fitness through timed events that assess your muscular endurance and cardiorespiratory fitness.

It is crucial you understand the test’s components and scoring metrics to adequately prepare and meet the Army standards.

Defining the APFT

The APFT is a mandatory test that assesses your physical readiness to perform military duties.

The test is composed of three events: two minutes of push-ups, two minutes of sit-ups, and a timed two-mile run.

The score you receive for each event ranges from 0 to 100, with a combined score from all three events determining your overall fitness level.

To pass, you must achieve a minimum score in each event based on your age and gender.

Failing to meet the standard in any one event results in failure of the entire test.

APFT Events and Scoring Metrics


For the push-up event, your goal is to complete as many reps as possible within two minutes.

Proper form is critical, so ensure your body forms a straight line from shoulders to ankles.

A successful push-up requires lowering your body until your upper arms are at least parallel to the ground before fully extending your arms to return to the starting position.

  • Minimum score: Varies by age/gender
  • Maximum score: 100 reps


The sit-up event also spans two minutes, challenging you to perform as many sit-ups as you can.

A proper sit-up starts with you lying on your back, knees bent, feet flat, and hands behind your head.

You must lift your torso to a vertical position and then lower it back to the ground for a valid rep.

  • Minimum score: Varies by age/gender
  • Maximum score: 100 reps

Two-Mile Run

Completing the APFT, the two-mile run measures your cardiorespiratory fitness.

You are required to cover the distance as quickly as possible.

The time it takes you directly impacts your score for this event.

  • Minimum score: Varies by age/gender
  • Maximum time: Generally ranges between 13 and 19 minutes

Success in the APFT depends on consistent physical training, focusing on improving your push-ups, sit-ups, and running endurance.

Your overall physical conditioning and readiness for combat are reflected in your APFT scores.

Determining Physical Fitness Standards

In the U.S. Army, your physical fitness is assessed using the Army Physical Fitness Test (APFT).

The results determine your eligibility for promotion and are a key component of your military readiness.

Age and Gender Differentiation

Age: Your age group significantly influences the APFT standards.

Soldiers are divided into categories that span typically a decade and have specific requirements tailored for each range.

Gender: Differences between male and female soldiers are recognized with distinct benchmarks.

Your scoring on the APFT adjusts to ensure a standardized measurement of fitness respective of these variations.

Scoring Scales and Performance Categories

Points: The APFT consists of three events: the two-mile run, push-ups, and sit-ups.

Each event has a max of 100 points, totaling a maximum of 300 points.

Your performance in these events is converted into points, which are then tallied to reflect your overall level of fitness.

Promotion Points: Excelling in the APFT can earn you additional promotion points, making it a crucial component for career progression in the Army.

Performance Categories: Each event’s scoring is divided into categories based on the number of repetitions or the time taken to complete.

Falling below the minimum standard in any event constitutes a fail, while higher scores categorize you within performance ranges from satisfactory to excellent.

Advanced Fitness Evaluation: Transition to ACFT

Your preparation for service in the U.S. Army is undergoing a transformation.

The implementation of the Army Combat Fitness Test (ACFT) marks a significant transition from the traditional Army Physical Fitness Test (APFT).

You are now evaluated on a broader set of skills that better prepare you for combat and operational readiness.

Introduction to ACFT

The ACFT represents the latest evolution in the Army’s fitness evaluations, designed to assess your combat readiness.

Unlike its predecessor, the ACFT is a holistic measure across six diverse events that challenge different aspects of fitness, from core strength to endurance.

Comparison with APFT

The APFT focused primarily on aerobic endurance and basic muscular fitness, typically through push-ups, sit-ups, and a 2-mile run.

In contrast, the ACFT includes events like the deadlift, standing power throw, hand-release push-ups, a sprint-drag-carry assessment, the leg tuck or plank for core strength, culminating in a timed 2-mile run to evaluate your cardiovascular endurance.

ACFT Events and Implementation

Your performance on the ACFT will be evaluated through the following events:

  1. Maximum Deadlift – Evaluates lower body and back strength.
  2. Standing Power Throw – Assesses explosive power and balance.
  3. Hand-Release Push-Ups – Measures upper body endurance.
  4. Sprint-Drag-Carry – Tests agility, endurance, and anaerobic capacity.
  5. Leg Tuck or Plank – Gauges core muscular strength.
  6. 2-Mile Run – Examines aerobic endurance.

Successfully passing the ACFT is a graduation requirement for Basic Training and is part of the regular assessment for all soldiers, both active duty and National Guard.

The ACFT standards are adjusted to reflect the physical demands of your chosen MOS (Military Occupational Specialty).

As of FY20, ensure you familiarize yourself with the specific requirements and prepare accordingly to meet the benchmarks of the Army Combat Fitness Test.

Frequently Asked Questions

In this section, you’ll find detailed information about the U.S. Army Physical Fitness Test (APFT) standards and scoring.

What is the breakdown of the new Army PT Test score chart?

The new Army PT Test score chart outlines the performance requirements across six events: the maximum deadlift, standing power throw, hand-release push-ups, sprint-drag-carry, leg tuck, and the two-mile run.

Performance gets categorized into three standards: Gold (above standard), Gray (meets the minimum standard), and Black (moderate performance).

What are the APFT pass/fail criteria across different age groups?

APFT pass/fail criteria vary by age group.

Each age bracket has different minimum standards for push-ups, sit-ups, and the two-mile run.

Generally, younger soldiers have more stringent requirements.

What are the minimum APFT requirements for females in the service?

The minimum APFT requirements for females in the service adjust based on age.

Females must perform a varied minimum of push-ups and sit-ups and complete a two-mile run within a specific time range related to their age.

How has the Army PT Test been updated for the year 2023?

In 2023, the Army transitioned to the Army Combat Fitness Test (ACFT), which better measures a soldier’s capabilities with a more diverse range of physical tasks.

Details about how the APFT has been updated can be found in the latest guidelines.

What are the current APFT standards for the 2-mile run?

The current APFT standards for the 2-mile run are based on age and gender.

The required time for completion ranges widely; for example, male soldiers aged 17-21 must complete the run in no more than 15:54 minutes to pass.

How many push-ups are required to meet the APFT push-up standards?

To meet the APFT push-up standards, male soldiers need to perform a minimum of between 42 and 52 push-ups, depending on their age group.

Female soldiers’ minimum requirements range from 19 to 42 push-ups.

These numbers can change, so always check the latest APFT requirements.